Going discreet with a Random Wire Antenna and 9:1 unun.
(When winding the toroid wear safety spectacles as the wire could easily flick into your eyes.)
You live in a place where there are neighbours. You have space available to place some kit, but not that much. Even if you decided to use that space, you wouldn't want your neighbours to imagine what all that stuff is about. If your neighbours found out chances are that one day you would end up having a discussion with one of them, not because you disturb TVs and they hear you talking in their toaster, but because they don't like what they don't know.
If all of the above sounds somewhat familiar, welcome to the SOC - the Stealth Operator's Club. We are people who, for one reason or another, have to go discreet - or even stealthy.
An ideal choice is the magnetic LW unun. With this simple piece of equipment you can use 20m of antenna wire across all HF bands using the inbuilt ATU of your TX/RX.
My effort for an end fed long wire antenna using alternative components. End fed LW antenna most convenient but often requires its high impedance, typically 450 Ohm, to be matched to common 50 Ohm TX/RX. Maintaining the trifilar winding spacing helps to minimise common mode currents IMHO. With the use of an antenna tuning unit this project works well on all HF 160 to 10 metres TX amateur radio bands. Also likely useful on its own for SWL broadcast bands RX. If you require to connect an earth or counterpoise use the chocolate block where the RG58C/U terminates or a coupler on the coax PL259 with shield/earth terminal. YMMV. As shown not suitable for long term external use.
Caution: It is possible to exceed the power rating of a core and the performance of the UNUN may be degraded during high SWR causing heating of the core. If the core is over heated its magnetic properties will most likely change and your UNUN will not work efficiently and may even damage your radio or ATU. The highest power I've used so far is 15 Watts.
I use a FT240-31 toroid which is generally regarded useful for HF, cost about £10.
MKll version below using enamelled copper wire 8SWG 1.250mm Maplin YN81:
MK3 version below similar to MKll but using two toroids stacked and held in place with PTFE tape. Using two toroids may increase the power handling. This is the version I continue to use:
You may find Common Mode Currents can be resolved with my Choke Balun
Source: Phil VK5SRP, John M0UKD & M0ZZM.
How long is a long wire? As I recall it used to be 132 feet but that was many moons ago possibly before the latest WARC bands I muse.
Quote: "The secret to using an end-fed wire is to pick a length that will present a reasonable impedance on the bands of interest so that it is possible to match the wire with a tuner. The key to this is to avoid lengths that are multiples of a half wavelength on the amateur bands, as this will present a very high impedance that will be difficult for many tuners to match. Fortunately someone has already figured out what this magical length is. Alan Chester G3CCB (SK) wrote an excellent article called 'Taming the End-Fed Wire' ('The Antenna File' £12.74, RGSB, page 118) he looked at this issue by plotting various ½ wave lengths and proposed 26.5m (86.9 ft) for 160 - 10M use."
Source: Michael Babineau, VE3WMB
I use a 25m LW with 9:1 unun, choke balun, tuner and optional 10m length counterpoise around skirting board of the shack. It tunes up fine on all HF bands. However, I would urge caution on the power used. I suggest light duty cycle 40 Watts maximum. I have no technical data on this because it's just an opinion. 73 Bob Houlston G4PVB
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